How many Wonders of the World do you know?



Slide 1 of 23: We've all heard of the Seven Wonders of the World - but did you know there are way more than that? From natural phenomenas like Victoria Falls and the Grand Canyon, to magnificent man-made structures, such as the Christ the Redeemer statue and the Taj Mahal, here are all the marvels on our planet which have been given Wonder status. See if you know them all...
Slide 2 of 23: GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA, EGYPT: The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and only remaining Ancient Wonder of the World which still exists today. The 456ft structure was built in 2560 BCE and is a marvel of human engineering. Its sheer size and construction rivals any structure built within modern times. Other ancient wonders such as the Mausoleum in Turkey, the Lighthouse of Alexandria in Egypt, and the Colossus of Rhodes statue in Greece were destroyed in earthquakes. While the mysterious Hanging Gardens of Babylon, said to be in Iraq, have never been found.
Slide 3 of 23: TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS, TURKEY: The only other ancient Wonder of the World we can see any remnants of today is the Temple of Artemis (pictured) in Ephesus, Turkey. The temple was built in the 6th century BCE, and was famed for its its tremendous size, being double that of other ancient Greek temples, including Parthenon. It was completely rebuilt twice, once after a devastating flood and 300 years later after an act of arson. All that remains now are the ruins of this magnificent construction, but you can see more artifact from the temple in London's British Museum.
Slide 4 of 23: VICTORIA FALLS, ZAMBIA: This 355ft high waterfall on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe is a Natural Wonder of the World. It is known as Mosi-oa-Tunya ('The Smoke that Thunders') in the local Lozi language, but Scottish explorer David Livingstone - the first European to view the magnificence of the falls in 1855 - named them after then British monarch, Queen Victoria. The falls are neither the highest nor the widest in the world, but they do form the largest sheet of falling water.

Slide 5 of 23: GRAND CANYON, USA: Though widely considered one of the world's most spectacular canyons, the Grand Canyon is not the world's longest or deepest gorge. But it does have Natural Wonder status for revealing 40 percent of the world's history through its billions of years of rock layers and its stunningly beautiful landscape.
Slide 6 of 23: AURORA, ARCTIC CIRCLE: Also known as the Northern Lights, Aurora Borealis is the display of dancing lights near the Arctic Circle. The stunning Natural Wonder is caused when charged particles from the sun strike atoms in Earth's atmosphere and cause electrons in the atoms to move to a higher-energy state. These collisions result in countless little bursts of light, called photons, which make up the beautiful light show. For those hoping to see it in person, it is best seen between the months of March to April and September to October.
Slide 7 of 23: GREAT BARRIER REEF, AUSTRALIA: Home to the largest coral reef system on the planet, the Great Barrier Reef stretches over 1,429 miles and is the only living thing on Earth visible from space. The reef was selected as a World Heritage Site in 1981 - the same year it was declared a Natural Wonder of the World. Today it is under threat from climate change due to rising ocean temperatures which caused mass coral bleaching in the summers of 1998, 2002 and 2006 - an event which is likely to become an annual occurrence.
Slide 8 of 23: MOUNT EVEREST: It's no surprise that the tallest summit in the world is one of our planet's Natural Wonders. Mount Everest stretches 29,035ft into the sky above the border of Nepal and China - and also represents the highest spot on Earth's surface. Shifting tectonic plates continue to push Everest upward, along with the whole Himalaya mountain range, which means it could get even taller.
Slide 9 of 23: RIO HARBOR AND CHRIST THE REDEEMER BRAZIL: The harbor of Rio de Janeiro is the largest bay in the world based on volume of water and was the first urban area to be listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Created by erosion from the Atlantic Ocean, the locals are so proud of their geologically defined home that they say: 'God made the world in six days and on the seventh he concentrated on Rio.' The iconic Christ the Redeemer statue, which watches over the Natural Wonder harbor, has since become a New World wonder in its own right. Standing 125ft tall, the statue is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone, and was constructed between 1922 and 1931.

Slide 10 of 23: MOUNT PARTICUTIN, MEXICO: One of the world's youngest volcanoes, Paricutin was named one of the Natural Wonders of the World due to the fact its formation was witnessed by mankind from its very beginning. It's still listed as an active volcano, although it's been dormant since its last eruption in 1952.
Slide 11 of 23: COLOSSEUM, ROME: The Colosseum in Rome was among one of the seven New Wonders of the World when the list was finally updated in 2007. A feat of engineering, the structure was the largest of its kind ever built, with room for 50,000 to 80,000 spectators. Construction began on the orders of the Emperor Vespasian in 82 AD, and was continued by his two sons, the emperors Titus and Domitian. Experts estimate around 500,000 people died in the Colosseum. Additionally, so many animals were captured and then killed there that certain species reportedly became extinct.
Slide 12 of 23: PETRA, JORDAN: The ancient city of Petra was carved from sandstone cliffs about 2,000 years ago by the Nabateans and is purported to be one of the places where Moses struck a rock and water gushed forth. At its peak, it was home to around 30,000 people and became important as a trading hub, particularly for spices. But two major earthquakes led to the city being gradually abandoned. It was rediscovered by archeologists in 1912, but many questions remain about this mysterious New Wonder city.
Slide 13 of 23: TAJ MAHAL, INDIA: The Taj Mahal is one of the New World Wonders because it is one of the greatest masterpieces of architecture the world has ever seen. Emperor Shah Jahan constructed it in honor of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, so it is also a symbol of love. Work started in 1632 and it took 20 years and around 20,000 workers and elephants to built the luxury 239ft building, which is made entirely of white marble and is said to be decorated with precious and semi-precious stones.
Slide 14 of 23: MACCHU PICCHU, PERU: This incredible Inca site in Peru was named a New World Wonder for the fact it remained a lost city for 500 years - and was built on top of a mountain, which would be an amazing feat today, never mind in 1450 AD when it is believed to have been built. The city is made up of more than 150 buildings including temples, houses and baths. How it was built is still baffling, but experts think hundreds of men pushed heavy rocks up the steep mountain side with their bare hands.

Slide 15 of 23: GREAT WALL OF CHINA: As the largest man-made structure on Earth, acknowledged by UNESCO, it's perhaps one of the most obvious world wonders on this list. The Great Wall of China is more than 2,300 years old and stretches 13,170 miles long. It was originally built to protect China from its enemies and invaders, but is now one of the top tourist attractions in the world.
Slide 16 of 23: CHICHEN ITZA, MEXICO: The ruins of this ancient Mayan city is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World due to its large concentration of culturally-significant, ancient manmade wonders. It is also one of the largest and best-preserved archaeological sites in the world. Experts are unsure exactly when it was built, but historical records suggest it was in its early phases of development between 600 and 750 AD. The tallest structure in Chichen Itza is the ancient pyramid El Castillo (pictured) which is 98ft tall. It could once be climbed by tourists, but this was banned in 2006 after a woman slipped and fell to her death.
Slide 17 of 23: AMAZON, SOUTH AMERICA: The Amazon represents over half the planet's remaining rainforests, as well as being home to the world's largest river by volume. It was made one of the New Natural Wonders of the World when the list was updated again in 2012.
Slide 18 of 23: IGAZU FALLS, BRAZIL/ARGENTINA: The name of this Natural Wonder waterfall is appropriate as it means 'big water' in the native South American language of Guarani - and its 275 waterfalls make it the largest water system in the world. The tallest of these is Devil's Throat, which gets its name as about half of the waterfalls flow into a long and loud narrow chasm.
Slide 19 of 23: TABLE MOUNTAIN, SOUTH AFRICA: Famous for it's flat-topped peak, Table Mountain is one of the New Seven Natural Wonders for its stunning landscape and views across Cape Town, making it a popular tourist attraction. The mountain has withstood six million years of erosion and is one of the richest plant areas on the planet. Its 2,285 flower species have also made the Cape Floral Region a World Heritage Site.
Slide 20 of 23: HA LONG BAY, VIETNAM: This set of 1,600 to 2,000 islands and islets is special as many remain unaffected by human impact to this day. In Vietnamese, its name 'Ha Long' means descending dragon, and legend has it the islands were formed by a gigantic dragon which plunged into the water, creating thousands of limestone outcrops by lashing its tail. But geologists tend to dismiss this theory, arguing its a product of erosion of the seabed over millennia. The World Heritage Site is now a popular tourist attraction thanks to its stunning scenery and floating fish village.
Slide 21 of 23: JEJU ISLAND, SOUTH KOREA: The island is known for its natural wonders, including waterfalls, white sandy beaches and a dormant volcano, and was recognized for this in 2012. Pictured is Seongsan Ilchulbong Tuff Cone, said to resemble a gigantic ancient castle, which is on the east side of the island. At 597ft high, it has a preserved bowl-like crater and is considered to be of much geological worth, helping to provide information on the processes of volcanoes worldwide.
Slide 22 of 23: KOMODO ISLAND, INDONESIA: Indonesia's Komodo National Park includes the islands of Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as many smaller ones, and is the original habitat of the endangered species of Komodo dragons, the largest lizard on Earth, which is named after the island. The island was awarded wonder status in 2012 for its work in protecting the endangered reptiles and the protection of marine animals. It is also world famous for its beautiful underwater life and scuba diving.
Slide 23 of 23: UNDERGROUND RIVER, PHILIPPINES: Puerto Princesa in the Philippines is not the world's longest underground river (there are quite a few) - but it gained world wonder status after a group of environmentalists discovered the river had a second floor in 2010. This means there are small waterfalls inside the cave. Tourists can visit the river through a cave on a boat tour on the island of Palawan.
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